[China advances steadily] Uphold and improve the party's absolute leadership system over the people's army
来源：求是网 Release time: 2019-12-29 11: 03Source : Qiushi
Editor's note: The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system grow on the soil of Chinese society and form the long-term practice of revolution, construction, and reform. They are rooted in the Chinese historical and cultural traditions and absorb the beneficial results of human system civilization, which not only guarantees It not only miracles the rapid economic development and long-term social stability of our country, but also adds more colors, more paradigms, and more choices to the development of human society with the coexistence of multiple civilizations. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Adhering to and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and the Governance Capability, adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, summarized and profoundly explained our country from 13 aspects The significant advantages of the system and the national governance system are closely centered on "what to uphold and consolidate" and "what to improve and develop", and put forward a series of new ideas, new views and new measures, and put forward the fundamental requirements for pushing forward reform and opening up in the new era. It is the basic basis for our firm "four self-confidence". In order to deeply study and publicize the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC, the Central Cyberspace Office and Qiushi Magazine jointly organized the "China's Steady Progress" online theoretical communication column, and invited experts and scholars in the ideological and theoretical circles to write a series of theoretical articles. It is the launch of the 16th article, so stay tuned.
Summary of content: The "Decision" adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party scientifically summarizes the party ’s absolute leadership of the people ’s army, further sublimates the historical experience of the party ’s absolute leadership of the army from the system level, and will definitely advance greatly Our party has achieved a new leap in political building with a systematic institutional system. If these arrangements of the plenary are implemented, the system's superiority of the party's absolute leadership over the people's army can be better demonstrated, and the overall goal of adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and modernizing the national governance system and governance capabilities can be promoted from the military system level. .
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China identified "adhering to the party's absolute leadership over the people's army" as a basic strategy for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Adhering to and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and Governance Capabilities (hereinafter referred to as the "Decision"), adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China The incorporation of the absolute leadership system of the People's Army into the deployment of "13 adherences and improvements" is an important milestone in the development history of the People's Army system.
Understanding and grasping from higher political positions
A systematic summary of the historical requirements of historical experience. Looking back at the history of the establishment and administration of the army in 1992, it can be found that the fundamental principles and systems of the party ’s absolute leadership over the army originated in the Nanchang Uprising, were based on the "Three Bay Adaptation," and were shaped at the Gutian Conference. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, through deepening the reform of national defense and the army, it has focused on advancing the organic unity of the leadership and the effective command of the army, forming a pattern in which the military commission manages the army, the theater is in the main battle, and the service is in the army. The principles have been further solidified through scientific institutional arrangements, and our army has a new look. History has taught us that the party command gun is the eternal soul of the people ’s army. Adhering to and improving the party ’s absolute leadership system for the people ’s army is of great significance and far-reaching influence. The "Conclusion" adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Party scientifically summarizes the party ’s absolute leadership of the people ’s army, further substantiates the party ’s historical experience of absolute leadership of the army from the system level, and will certainly greatly advance our party to A systematic institutional system achieved a new leap in political army building.
The inevitable requirement to highlight the advantages of the system. The economic and social prosperity and long-term stability of the country's politics are the concentrated reflection of the historic achievements in the construction of China's national system and national governance system, and also show the significant advantages of our national system and national governance system. The plenary session condensed and summarized the significant advantages of the "13 adherences", and provided a basic basis for our firm confidence in the road to socialism with Chinese characteristics, theoretical confidence, institutional confidence, and cultural confidence. Among them, "Adhere to the party's command of the gun, ensure that the people's army is absolutely loyal to the party and the people, and effectively protect the country's sovereignty, security, and development benefits." It is a significant advantage in the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system. Concrete manifestation. Adhering to this significant advantage, the people's army can play a strong strategic support role with absolute loyalty, and the Chinese Communist Party can lead the people to create a rare "Chinese miracle" more powerfully in the world.
The internal requirements for the comprehensive realization of the overall goal of governance modernization. The overall goals put forward by the plenary session clarified the goals in stages by the time our party was founded 100 years, by 2035, and by the founding of new China. The goal and task of upholding and improving the socialist military system with Chinese characteristics is an important part of this overall goal. The insistence and improvement of the party's absolute leadership system over the people's army proposed by the plenary is highly unified with the adherence and improvement of the socialist military system with Chinese characteristics. The deployment of the "Decision" adheres to and improves the party ’s absolute leadership system over the people ’s army. It not only puts forward requirements for implementing the chairmanship of the Military Commission and improving the party building system of the people ’s army, but also for establishing and improving the policy system and system for the use of military forces The requirements of the policy system and military management policy system cover all aspects of the construction of a socialist military system with Chinese characteristics. If these arrangements of the plenary are implemented, the socialist military system with Chinese characteristics can be improved and developed, and the overall goal of adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and modernizing the governance system and capabilities of the country can be promoted from the military system level.
Realistic requirements for fulfilling missions faithfully. A scientific and complete military leadership system can ensure the smooth flow of government orders and military orders, so that officers and soldiers can work together and all parties can work together to complete their missions. The world today is experiencing unprecedented changes in a century. The people ’s army must take on the mission of “four strategic supports”, safeguard national security and development interests, safeguard social and political stability, and win the battle to prevent and resolve major risks. We will improve the party ’s absolute leadership system for the people ’s army, implement the plenary ’s major strategic deployment of deepening national defense and military reform, promote the improvement and development of the socialist military system with Chinese characteristics, and provide a compulsory guarantee for the people ’s army to effectively fulfill its mission and tasks in the new era.
Focus on the new requirements of the new era
The plenary session focused on the new era, new situation, and new requirements, and deployed and upheld the party ’s absolute leadership of the people ’s army from three aspects. It emphasized that the highest leadership and command of the people ’s army belonged to the party ’s central government, and the party ’s party building was improved. The institutional system implements the party's absolute leadership over the people's army throughout the entire process of army building.
Upholding the supreme leadership and command of the People's Army belongs to the Party Central Committee. With regard to this article, the "Decision" is based on the comprehensive and in-depth implementation of the responsibility system of the Chairman of the Military Commission. The responsibility system of the chairman of the military commission is a fundamental system that upholds the party's absolute leadership over the army. It is at the highest level and in a leading position in the entire system of party leadership of the army. From the 1982 Constitution, which states: "The Central Military Commission implements the chairman responsibility system", to this plenary session, the "Decision" further emphasized the implementation of the chairmanship responsibility system of the Military Commission, placing it as the first to uphold and improve the party's absolute leadership of the people's army. One article reflects the gradual finalization of this important institutional arrangement. We need to implement the deployment of the Plenary Decision, adhere to the unified leadership and command of the National Military Force by the Chairman of the Military Commission, improve the system and mechanism of the chairmanship of the Military Commission, and strictly implement the rules and regulations of the chairmanship of the Military Commission. Through the implementation of these decisions and deployments, we will accelerate the formation of a clear, unified, and efficient structure of powers and responsibilities, and promote the implementation of the chairmanship of the Military Commission responsible for the system of rule of law and standardized operation. The "Decision" also emphasizes strict political discipline and political rules, resolutely safeguards the authority of the Party Central Committee and the Central Military Commission, and ensures the smooth flow of government orders and military orders. We must fully and thoroughly implement the responsibility system of the Chairman of the Military Commission, observe it as the highest political requirement, and maintain it as the highest political discipline to ensure the absolute loyalty, purity, and reliability of the entire army.
Improve the party building system of the People's Army. To uphold and strengthen the party's absolute leadership over the people's army, we must vigorously strengthen the institutional guarantee for party building in the army. Focusing on adhering to and perfecting the party ’s absolute leadership system over the people ’s army, the Party ’s responsibility system for the chairman of the military committee is fully and thoroughly implemented, and the backbone system of the army ’s party building regulations is highlighted to improve the party ’s political, ideological, organizational, work style, and discipline. Build a system to form a party building system that maintains the authority of the party's central government and centralized and unified leadership, and ensures that the party has absolute leadership over the people's army. It is necessary to improve the ideological and political construction system of the military party, revise and improve the military political work regulations, and the theoretical study and ideological and political education systems. Improve the organizational system of the party's leadership of the people's army, unwaveringly adhere to the party committee system, political committee system, and political organ system, adhere to the system of division of labor under the unified collective leadership of the party committee, adhere to the establishment of branches on the company, focus on fighting and winning To improve the work system for the leadership of the party committee (branch) to prepare for war, and to improve the operational mechanism for the standardization of resources for combat effectiveness. Improve the military cadre team building system, build a military quality training system, governors and educators system, selection and appointment system, strict management system, and positive incentive system. Improve the Party's style and discipline construction system in the military, improve the long-term mechanism of implementing the spirit of the eight regulations of the Central Committee and the ten regulations of the Military Commission, improve the monitoring mechanism for the atmosphere at the grass-roots level, training style, performance style and examination style, and so on. In this way, a more complete and strict military party building system can ensure that the party building in the army is stronger.
Implement the party's absolute leadership over the people's army throughout the entire process of army building. The series of systems deployed in this Decision around this article are actually important guarantees for the party's absolute leadership over the people's army. If these systems are implemented, the missions and tasks entrusted to the army by the party and the people can be effectively fulfilled, and the absolute loyalty of the army is not only reflected in the command of the party, but also in the outstanding completion of the missions and tasks entrusted by the party and the people. Absolute loyalty can stand the test of practice and task, and become truly useful loyalty. It is necessary to establish and improve a system of policies and systems for the use of military forces based on union, peace and warfare, and set up a "baton" for war preparations with a rigid policy system to effectively shape the situation, control the crisis, curb the war, and win the war. Establish and improve a military force construction policy system that focuses on fighting, spurring innovation, and integration of military and civilians, and deploying, developing, and using combat elements to promote the formation of a modern combat capability generation model and accelerate the upgrading of national defense and military modernization. Establish and improve a military management policy system that is accurate, efficient, comprehensive, and rigidly constrained. A new management model that meets the requirements of informatized warfare and fulfillment of missions has been established to comprehensively improve the operational efficiency of military systems, improve the use of defense resources, and improve military Strength building and utilization efficiency.
Put the plenary spirit into practice
The vitality of the system lies in its implementation. Under the guidance of the plenary session, adhere to and improve the party ’s absolute leadership system over the people ’s army, ensure the realization of the party ’s goal of strengthening the army in the new era, and build the people ’s army into a world-class army in the end. Relying on strong competence.
The first is to forge a political character of absolute loyalty. The army's loyalty means insisting on the party's absolute leadership over the people's army, strengthening the "four consciousnesses", firming the "four self-confidences", and achieving "two safeguards". Command, be responsible to President Xi, and reassure President Xi. Chairman Xi emphasized that the plenary study on adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity is a major task to achieve the goal of the "two hundred years" struggle, and to push forward reform and opening up in the new era. The fundamental requirement is to provide a strong guarantee to deal with risks and challenges and win the initiative. It is necessary to continuously improve political standing and political consciousness, and maintain a high degree of ideological and political action with the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core. Persist in arming officers and men with Xi Jinping's ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, firmly establish the ideological guiding position of Xi Jinping's strong army, train revolutionary soldiers in the "four things" new era, forge the "Four Iron" strong troops, and be a firm believer in Xi Jinping's strong army thinking Faithful performer, model performer.
The second is to enhance the army soul consciousness of listening to the party's command. At present, the struggle in the ideological field is sharp and complex, and hostile forces are advocating erroneous political views such as "departyization, depoliticization of the army" and "nationalization of the army". Their sinister intention is to attempt to change the nature of the army and pull the army from the banner of the party. Go out. We must closely integrate the education of the theme of “Do n’t forget the original heart and keep the mission in mind”, and guide officers and soldiers to realize the “adherence of the party to command the gun, ensure that the people ’s army is absolutely loyal to the party and the people, and effectively protect the country ’s sovereignty, security, and development benefits.” The party's sense of recognition of the superiority of the military's absolute leadership system, strengthens the system's self-confidence, and earnestly and firmly listens to the ideological roots of the party's command. It is necessary to continue to do a good job in nurturing the military soul, and to form a working pattern of instilling basic theories, studying party and military history, cultivating fine traditions, standardizing the discipline system, and cultivating daily behaviors. Through strengthening education, the principle of party commanding guns was implanted in the souls of soldiers and soldiers, and integrated into the blood of officers and soldiers.
The third is to strengthen the ability and quality of the mission. The key task of "Determining and Perfecting the Party's Absolute Leadership of the People's Army" deployed in the "Decision" is intertwined with our ongoing "third largest battle" to deepen national defense and army reform. Accomplishing these tasks well is a complex systems project, which requires both strong political skills and strong skills. We must focus on improving the leadership, organization, and execution of party organizations at all levels, and high-level party committees must improve their strategic planning capabilities, their ability to make real preparations, their ability to reform and innovate, their scientific management capabilities, and their ability to pay close attention to implementation. Advantages translate into winning advantages. Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee, the Central Military Commission, and Chairman Xi, strengthen the mission, refine the quality of will, and work together to deepen the various difficulties and challenges encountered in the reform. Take the spirit of struggle to overcome obstacles, overcome difficulties, and overcome the plenary. The deployment tasks have been put in place, and they have contributed wisdom and strength to upholding and improving the party's absolute leadership system over the people's army. (Author: Zhaozhou Xian, Liu Guangming, Liu Ming; Author: National Defense University, Xi Jinping, a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics Thought Research Center)
Editor-in-chief: Tang Yan
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